Okinawa Goju Ryu Karate

Terminology & Etiquette

Dojo Etiquette

Students and visitors should always respect the dojo and observe the following etiquette.

Upon entering the dojo, all members and visitors should remove shoes and under no circumstances are shoes to be worn on the training area.

All visitors to the dojo are requested to keep younger children off the training area and keep noise to a minimum.

When an instructor gives advice, the student must listen respectfully and acknowledge by saying "Hai Sensei", showing they have understood the instructor.

Students must not talk during class, but if they have any questions they should ask a senior student at the end of the class.

Students must keep their gi clean and tidy at all times, and the club badge must be worn on the left side of the gi.

Students must always endeavour to arrive on time. In the event that the student is late, they must quickly change into their gi, kneel in seiza and await the Instructor's permission to join the class.

When sitting down in the dojo, always sit correctly and do not stretch your legs out or lean on the walls



karate empty hand onegai-shimasu please teach me
dojo training room arigato-gozaimashita thankyou very much
gi uniform rei bow
obi belt seiza kneel down
Sensei instructor mokuso meditation
sempai senior student shugo line up
hajime begin kiyotsuke attention
yame stop Sensei-ni face the teacher
yoi ready shomen-ni face the front
jodan upper area otagi ni face partner
chudan middle area tatte stand up
gedan lower area · COUNTING
migi right ichi one
hidari left ni two
shomen front san three
ushiro back shi four
yoko side go five
mawashi roundhouse roku six
ashi o kaete change stance shichi seven
te o kaete change hands hachi eight
mawatte turn around ku nine
ki-ai shout (as you strike) ju ten
-- dachi (tachi) stance --geri (-keri) kick
heisoku-dachi feet together mae-geri front kick
musubi-dachi heels together mawashi-geri roundhouse kick
heiko-dachi parallel stance yoko-geri side kick
hachiji-dachi natural stance ushiro-geri back kick
shiko-dachi straddle leg stance kansetsu-geri joint kick
sanchin-dachi hourglass stance tobi-geri jumping kick
zenkutsu-dachi front stance hiza-geri knee kick
han zenkutsu-dachi half front stance ashi-barai foot sweep
neko ashi-dachi cat stance kakato-otoshi heel drop
sagi ashi-dachi crane stance fumikomi stamp
--uke block --tsuki (zuki) punch
age uke rising block choku-zuki straight punch
chudan uke middle area block oi-zuki lunge punch
gedan barai lower area block gyaku-zuki reverse punch
yoko uke side block ura-zuki short punch
uchi uke inside forearm block furi-zuki circular swing punch
mawashi uke round-house block nukite-zuki finger thrust
shotei uke palm-heel block shotei-zuki palm-heel thrust
ko uke wrist block uraken-uchi back-fist strike
kake uke hook block shuto-uchi knife hand strike
hiki uke grasping block tettsui-uchi bottom fist strike
sukui uke scoop block haito-uchi ridge-hand strike
josokutei ball of foot kumite sparring
sokuto foot edge san dan gi basic three-step / three level sparring
kakato heel sanbon kumite three-step sparring
haisoku instep ippon kumite one-step sparring (block and counter)
ashiyubi toes jiyu ippon kumite free one-step sparring
· OTHER TERMS randori kumite light free style sparring (emphasis on technique)
junbi undo warm-up preliminary exercises jiyu kumite hard and fast controlled free fighting
hojo undo supplementary training (eg.makiwara or chishi) yakusoku kumite prearranged sparring
bunkai techniques and application of a kata
kime focus
kihon basics
shime testing of Sanchin kata

Parts of the hand (used for striking)


Seiken (fore-fist) First fully extend all the fingers. Then, leaving the thumb extended, fold the four remaining fingers at the first and second joints. Bend the fingers until the tips of the fingers touch the third joints. Then roll the fingers inward, like you are rolling a piece of paper until it is tightly pressed into the palm. Now, fold the thumb Firmly over the fingers pressing it against the index and middle fingers. We call this fist "seiken". The part of the fist which hits the target is the knuckles of the index and middle finger. This area is called the "daikento".
Shuto (knife hand) Fully extend the four fingers pressing them tightly together. Fold the thumb against the palm. Use the side of the hand beneath the little finger. However, do not use the area closest to the bottom of the little finger. Instead, use the thicker part of the hand close to the wrist. The shuto is used to attack the opponent's face, head, temple, side, arms, legs and joints.
Haito (ridge hand) Extend the four fingers, bend the first joint of the thumb and press it against the side of the palm. Use the base of the index finger for striking. Haito is mainly used to attack the opponent's temple, chin, back of the head, throat, face area and the side of the abdomen.
Shotei (palm heel) Bend the thumb firmly pressing it against the palm. Bend the four fingers slightly. Keep the hand open. Attack with the part of the palm which is closest to the wrist. The shotei is very effective when used to attack the opponents face, abdomen, side, and the side of the abdomen. The shotei can also be used effectively to block an attack.
Nukite (finger thrust) In nukite, form a fairly level surface with the tips of the first three fingers, with a slight bend in the middle finger. The fingers are kept straight. Nukite is used to attack the solar plexus. the point between the eyes, and the armpit.
Tettsui (fist-hammer) The bottom of the fist is used to strike. Tettsui is used to hit the head, face, chest, abdomen, side of the abdomen or leg.
Koken (bent wrist) Bend the hand downward to its maximum extent and touch the thumb to the middle of the fourth finger. Use the bent wrist area to attack the opponent's face area, chest, side of the abdomen and lower part of the abdomen. Koken can be used for effective blocking.
Hiji uchi/empi (elbow strike) The tip of the elbow and the surrounding arm area are used for hiji uchi. Hiji uchi is one of the most effective arm attacks. It is used to attack the face, solar plexus or the side of the abdomen. Hiji uchi is most effective when the opponent is standing very close.
Parts of the foot (used for striking)


Josokutei (ball of the foot) By curling the toes upward and using the ball of the feet, it is possible to deliver kicks to the opponent's face area, lower part of the chin, chest, abdomen and the side of the abdomen.


Kakato (heel) The bottom of the heel area (kakato), is used for attacks to the face, solar plexus, abdomen and the side of the abdomen.


Sokuto (outer edge of foot) The edge of the outer side of the foot (sokuto) is used to attack the face, lower part of the chin, throat, chest, side of the abdomen, knee, and legs.


Sokko (instep) The ankle and toes are stretched downward, and the top of the foot from the toes to the ankle is used. The sokko is used to attack the opponent's face, the back of the head, abdomen, side of the abdomen, groin and thigh.